What are breakouts and what causes them?

Breakouts or acne is a disorder resulting from the action of hormones and other substances on the skin’s oil glands (sebaceous glands) and hair follicles. These factors lead to clogged pores and sometimes bacteria that live on our skin, p. acnes, also get inside the clogged pore. Inside the pore, the bacteria have a perfect environment for multiplying very quickly. With loads of bacteria inside, the pore becomes inflamed (red and swollen). If the inflammation goes deep into the skin, an acne cyst or nodule appears (acne lesions, commonly called breakouts, pimples or zits). Acne lesions usually occur on the face, neck, back, chest, and shoulders.

Breakouts can have many causes and vary from person to person. There are several interconnected factors to consider including hormonal fluctuations, stress levels, immune response, lifestyle, genetics, diet and even the weather. Any of these factors alone or combined can have an effect on your skin health and this is when breakouts can occur.

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